Departments: Professor Al-kholani Dental Training Center, Prosthodontics, Implantology, Endodontic, Maxillofacial surgery, Orthodontics, Pediatric dentistry, The Endodontic Clinic, Periodontics.

Professor Al-kholani Dental Training Center
A special center for training and education characterized by a lecture hall, equipped with the most recent means and devices that enable holding and transmitting lectures and scientific/cultural seminars live all over center's utilities and sections . In addition, a training hall is equipped with modern devices to enable trainers to gain practical and scientific expertness and proficiency in various specializations. Moreover, many periodic lectures and scientific training courses take place for center's dentists and other colleagues on both local and international levels. The Al-kholani dental training center regularly invites professors and lecturers from all over the world for educating and lecturing purposes to achieve progress and present the best service for its guests and customers. We save no effort in presenting the best by GOD’s willing.

Emergency Resuscitation Unit
Many precious lives can be saved by giving timely and speedy artificial respiratory support to the patient. During a medical emergency, when the patient is being transported to the hospital, Medisys RESUSVENT extends a helping hand in keeping the patient alive by providing necessary artificial ventilation. The unit consists of a modified, compact and light weight, pneumatically powered, time cycled ventilator, named RESUSVENT. In this, CMV is provided by regulating only two graduated controls, viz., Tidal Volume and Breaths per Minute. In addition, provision of Manual Ventilation, Pneumatic/Manual Suction and delivery of 100% Oxygen makes the unit an ideal choice for taking care of any type of Emergency Transport Ventilation.
Special Needs Clinic
People of all ages may have special conditions, which may limit one or more major life activities. These conditions include stroke, spinal cord injury, mental retardation, Down syndrome and genetic disorders. Such patients need dental attention and treatment to at least the same standards as non-handicapped patients and frequently have a greater predisposition to dental disease. Unfortunately, for many years dental care has been labeled as the greatest unmet health need of the handicapped worldwide. Here in the Al-kholani dental center a clinic for people with special needs has been established to meet local community needs in this field. A portable dental clinic is also available to treat handicapped patients who don’t have access to the center. General anesthesia for uncooperative patients may also be implemented in hospitals. The center organizes visits to special needs institutes for dental examination and treatment and to give lectures for caregivers about dental care for the handicapped. Al-kholani dental center hopes that these services will meet your satisfaction in order to extend bridges of cooperation to alleviate the suffering of these patients.

Conservative dentistry
• Fillings
1. Amalgam fillings:
It contains both silver and mercury and some other materials, to make what is known as “amalgam". Amalgam has been in use as a filling since a long time. After placement of an amalgam filling the tooth might remain sensitive to cold and hot stimuli for some time. If the patient feels that the filling is “high” he/she is advised to return to his dentist as soon as possible to correct the situation.
2. Composite Fillings:
They are fillings usually used in the front teeth and sometimes in the back teeth. These fillings have the same color of the teeth, they are used for esthetic purposes. Fillings are either direct chair-side, or indirect fillings called inlays or onlays which consist of ceramic materials.
• Bleaching of teeth:
To get a beautiful smile and white natural teeth, tooth pastes are not enough for that. Teeth might be whitened in the clinic or at home easily and smoothly. All colors and pigments in the teeth whether from food, drinks, smoking, age, drugs misuse or fluoridation can be removed easily and painlessly by using chemical means or by the laser. Make sure to ask your dentist about it next time you visit the clinic.

The Endodontic Clinic
Thank you for your interest in the endodontic clinic at Professor Al-kholani Dental Center. We provide the highest standard of professional care in a friendly and comfortable environment. We aim to make root canal therapy and enjoying and unforgotten experience. The root canal: At the center of the tooth is the pulp; a collection of blood vessels and nerves that helps in building the tooth. Infection of the pulp can be due to decay (caries), trauma, cracks and some faulty dental procedures. Symptoms of pulpitis may include pain provoked or spontaneous, swelling and change in tooth color. Root canal therapy: A thorough examination of the tooth that will include x-rays will be done, and if the dentist reaches to the firm diagnosis that the tooth needs root canal therapy, the procedure will be performed. The dentist will gain access to the inflamed pulp tissue and remove it and then the root canal will be cleaned and shaped and a filling will be inserted in it. This treatment usually involves local anesthesia administration and may be completed in one or more visits depending on the pulp status. The clinic is equipped with state of the art endodontic equipment to provide the patient with a fast and painless treatment. Recently we have introduced the use of the microscope to aid in the treatment of difficult cases. It enhances visibility and illumination which improves the quality of work offered to the patient. We focus on the single visit treatment, when applicable; sparing the patient the trouble of multiple visits to the clinic and speeding up his overall treatment. We hope that the information provided answers many of your questions. If you have further enquires please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Dental implantology is considered as one of the most important achievements of modern dentistry. The Arab dental center has given dental implantology a special concern regarding equipping and utilizing recent techniques to ensure high quality work Professor Al-kholani Dental Center implantology section is distinguished by utilizing sophisticated and advanced techniques in augmenting alveolar bone resorbtion, maxillary sinus lift procedures and inferior alveolar nerve lateralization. In one word, we are proud to say: By GOD’s willing whatever your problem is, we at the PADC have the solution.

Maxillofacial surgery
What is Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery?
"Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is the specialty of dentistry which includes the surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region." American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a surgical specialty which involves both dental and medical surgical treatments, it diagnoses and treats diseases, deformities, injuries and cosmetic defects of the facial and oral region. OMFS are considered the "orthopedic and plastic and reconstructive surgeons of the Maxillofacial region" (the upper jaw, cheek bones, the bones that support & surround the eyes, lower jaw, chin, jaw joints, associated facial structures, and the intra-oral structures including teeth and their supporting bone and gum tissues, salivary glands, and lining tissues of the mouth. Many of the procedures performed are in an office ambulatory surgical setting. These procedures include the removal of teeth, management of oral and facial pathology, regeneration of deficient bone and gum tissues around teeth and implants and cosmetic periodontal surgery to enhance gum tissue contours and beautify a patient’s smile. They also include minor cosmetic procedures such as chin and cheek-bone enhancements, minor facial rejuvenation procedures. Sedation and general anesthesia can be used to manage discomfort and anxiety. The remainder of oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures are performed in the hospital. These procedures include corrective jaw surgery to treat jaw growth problems which can affect both the function and appearance of the oral and facial area, temporomadibular joint (TMJ) surgery, treatment of complicated facial injuries and fractures, reconstruction of jaw or facial regions resulting from trauma or pathology, management of craniofacial and cleft lip and palate deformities, and treatment of tumors of the jaw and face.

Wisdom Teeth
Why Should I Remove My Wisdom Teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt within the mouth. When they align properly, and gum tissue is healthy, wisdom teeth do not have to be removed. Unfortunately, this does not generally happen. The extraction of wisdom teeth is necessary when they are prevented from properly erupting within the mouth. They may grow sideways, partially emerge from the gum, and even remain trapped beneath the gum and bone. Impacted teeth can take many positions in the bone as they attempt to find a pathway that will allow them to erupt successfully. These poorly positioned impacted teeth can cause many problems. When they are partially erupted, the opening around the tooth allows bacteria to grow and will eventually cause an infection. The result: swelling, stiffness, pain and illness. The pressure from the erupting wisdom tooth may move other teeth and disrupt the orthodontic or natural alignment of teeth.
Surgical Risks
Done correctly the removal of impacted teeth is very safe. However. Often there are some anatomical variations that may put some patients at risk. The upper teeth are often close to the sinus and may be displaced into it or root tips may fall in it. Also, there is a risk for an opening between the mouth and the sinus that may need to be closed later. The lower teeth are close to the nerves that give sensation to the lip and tongue and may cause numbness of these areas. Any extraction has the risk of damage to adjacent teeth, bleeding, swelling, and infection. Each patient is different and these risks will be specifically discussed with you.
The Post-Operative Period
The removal of impacted wisdom teeth and the surgical removal of teeth is quite different from the extraction of erupted teeth. The following conditions may occur, all of which are considered normal:
1. The surgical site may hurt for a few days
2. The surgical area will swell.
3. Swelling peaks on the 2nd or 3rd post -operative day
4. Trismus (stiffness) of the muscles may cause difficulty in opening your mouth for a period of days.
5. You may have a slight earache.
6. A sore throat may develop.
7. Your other teeth may ache temporarily. This is referred pain and is a temporary condition.
8. If the corners of the mouth are stretched out they may dry and crack. Your lips should be kept moist with cream or ointment.
9. There will be a space where the tooth was removed. After 24 hours this area should be rinsed following meals with warm salt water until it is healed. This cavity will gradually fill in with new tissue over the next few months
10. There may be a slight elevation of temperature for 24 to 48 hours. If temperature continues, notify us.
11. It is not unusual to develop bruising in the area of an extraction.
Please take all prescriptions as directed and take pain medications if you are experiencing pain. Pain medications can cause side effects and nausea and should not be taken if there is no pain.
Women please note: Some antibiotics may interfere with the effectiveness of your birth control pills. Please check with your pharmacist.
Care of Mouth After Oral Surgery
1. Do not rinse or spit for 24 hours after surgery.
2. Keep fingers and tongue away from socket or surgical area.
3. Use ice packs on surgical area (side of face) for first 48 hours, apply ice 20 minutes on - 10 minutes off. Bags of frozen peas work well.
4. For mild discomfort take Tylenol or Ibuprofen every three to four hours.
5. For severe pain use the prescription given to you.
6. Drink plenty of fluids. (Do not use a straw)
7. If the muscles of the jaw become stiff, chewing gum at intervals will help relax the muscles. The use of warm, moist heat to the outside of your face beginning on the third day will further help with relaxation of the muscles.
8. After the first post-operative day, use a warm salt-water rinse following meals for the first week to flush out particles of food and debris which may lodge in the surgical area. (1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. Mouthwash can be added for better taste.)
9. Diet may consist of soft foods which can be easily chewed and swallowed. No seeds, nuts, rice, popcorn, etc.
10. A certain amount of bleeding is to be expected following surgery. Bleeding is controlled by applying pressure to the surgical area using small rolled gauze for 90 minutes. After that time remove the gauze and then you may eat or drink. If bleeding persists, a moist tea bag should be placed in the area of bleeding and bite firmly for one hour straight. This will aid in clotting blood. Repeat if necessary. If bleeding still persists call our office.
11. We suggest that you do not smoke for at least 5 days after surgery. Nicotine may break down the blood clot and cause a "Dry-Socket".
12. Numbness of lip/tongue may be experienced for a variable period of time.
13. Feel free to contact us if any doubt arises as to your progress and recovery.
Post-Op Instructions
What you should do following oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures
A certain amount of bleeding, pain, and swelling is normal. Reduce your activity as much as possible for several hours. Avoid eating, drinking, and unnecessary talking. These activities may hinder proper healing in the first few hours. Do not be alarmed if your vision is blurred for a time following anesthesia or if a "black and blue" bruise should appear at the site of an injection. The arm also may be "black and blue", swollen and tender to touch due to the IV. Follow the simple instructions below to minimize complications and help ensure prompt recovery.
To control bleeding
Immediately following procedure. . .keep a steady pressure over the surgical site. Pressure helps reduce bleeding and permits formation of a clot. Gently remove the compress after one hour. If bleeding persists, place another compress and again keep steady pressure on the area for one hour. After 24 hours... some oozing of blood may persist. After bleeding has stopped, cautiously resume oral hygiene.
The Nature of Maxillofacial Trauma
Bone Injuries of the Maxillofacial Region
Fractures of the bones of the face are treated in a manner similar to the fractures in other parts of the body. The specific form of treatment is determined by various factors, which include the location of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, and the age and general health of the patient. When an arm or a leg is fractured, a "cast" is often applied to stabilize the bone and allow for proper healing. Since a cast cannot be placed on the face, other means have been developed to stabilize facial fractures. One of these options involves wiring the jaws together for certain fractures of the upper and/or lower jaw. However, certain other types of fractures of the jaw are best treated and stabilized by the surgical placement of small "plates and screws" at the involved site. This technique of treatment can often allow for healing and obviates the necessity of having the jaws wired together. This technique is called "rigid fixation" of a fracture. The relatively recent development and use of "rigid fixation" has profoundly improved the recovery period for many patients by allowing them to return to normal function more quickly. The treatment of facial fractures should be accomplished in a thorough and predictable manner. Importantly, the patient's facial appearance should be minimally affected. An attempt at accessing the facial bones through the fewest incisions necessary is always made. At the same time, the incisions that become necessary are designed to be small and, whenever possible, are placed so that the resultant scar is "hidden".
Orthognathic Surgery
Orthognathic surgery is needed when jaws don't meet correctly and/or teeth don't seem to fit with jaws. Teeth are straightened with orthodontics, and corrective jaw surgery repositions misaligned jaws. This not only improves facial appearance, but also ensures that teeth meet correctly and function properly.
Who Needs Orthognathic Surgery?
People who can benefit from orthognathic surgery include those with an improper bite or jaws that are positioned incorrectly. Jaw growth is a gradual process and, in some instances, the upper and lower jaws may grow at different rates. The result can be a host of problems that can affect chewing function, speech, long-term oral health, and appearance. Injury to the jaw and birth defects can also affect jaw alignment. While orthodontics alone can correct bite problems if only the teeth are involved, orthognathic surgery may be required if the jaws also need repositioning. Before any treatment begins, a consultation will be held to perform a complete examination with x-rays. During the pre-treatment consultation process, feel free to ask any questions that you have regarding your treatment. When you are fully informed about the aspects of your care, you and your dental team will make the decision to proceed with treatment together.
Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment deals with cases of dental irregularities as well as with facial bone growth disturbances. Problems of such nature can adversely affect the beauty and appearance of the person in a way that causes a psychological problem, which could also lead to some behavioral and social reactions, and all of that may be reflected on the quality of life. Orthodontic problems are not confined only to the appearance, but they also do affect the health of gums, teeth, and occlusion as well as speech and phonetics. Dental irregularities may arise from both hereditary and acquired factors. Hereditary factors are inherited through genes that can for example affect the size of the teeth or the size of the jaw. Whereas acquired factors could be as a result of an early removal of a milk tooth that leads to an early loss of the space for the permanent successor. Facial bone growth problems are mostly congenitally determined, but they could sometimes arise from acquired factors like trauma subjected to the face in the growth stage. Problems arising from both dental and bony origins can be effectively treated at the Orthodontic clinic in the Professor Al-kholani Dental Center. Dental orthodontic problems are mostly preferred to be treated at ages when all milk teeth are replaced by their successors (11-13 years of age in most cases). Bone growth problems must be treated during the facial growth period (not more than 9 years of age) by the use of FUNCTIONAL APPLIANCES. Some of the orthodontic problems can arise as a result of bad habits such as thumb sucking or tongue thrusting between the front teeth. In such cases, preventive orthodontic appliances are designed to help the child quitting the habit. When the orthodontic problem is well established our orthodontist at the center will deal with it by using the appropriate FIXED OR REMOVABLE appliance. Many alternative appliance designs are available at the Professor Al-kholani Dental Center ranging from the conventional ones through the esthetic and the invisible ones. Orthodontic treatment is time consuming in nature, and every case differs widely from other cases regarding the procedures which will be reflected on treatment period. Almost all orthodontic treated cases will need a certain period of retention to keep the corrected teeth in their places until the surrounding bone is strengthened and able to prevent them from relapse. Some orthodontic problems, especially those originated from bone growth disturbances, are beyond the treatment ability of the conventional orthodontic appliances. In such cases our orthodontist will cooperate with the MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY DEPARTMENT at the center, and they will work as one team to put teeth, bones, and occlusion in the right way.

Pediatric dentistry
Our pediatric dentistry clinic provides care for children in a delightful, fun dental atmosphere. The services provided by our will trained pediatric dentist (pedodontist) include fissure sealant, fluoride applications, Space maintainers, tooth-colored fillings, stainless steel crown, and habit breaking appliances. In addition, our clinician is highly-trained in the management of the anxious child patient through modern behavioral techniques. The extremely anxious child can also be managed using oral sedative, nitrousoxide (laughing gas) or dental treatment under general anesthesia. Our center is open 16 hours/day, and thus we are equipped to handle pediatric emergencies at any time of the day, whether it is a toothache or a child falling down and breaking a tooth, we are always ready.
The pits and fissures are the main sites of caries activity in the child and adolescent, that’s why it should be sealed. A sealant is a white material that, when applied to the chewing surface of a tooth, bonds into the grooves of the tooth to act as a barrier, protecting the enamel from plaque and acids. It is applied to the back teeth (premolars and molars) where decay occurs most often. Sealant could be applied for both primary and permanent teeth, from ages 3 and above.
Does the process Hurt?
Sealants are easily and painlessly applied. It only takes a few minutes to seal each tooth. As long as the sealant remains intact, the sealed tooth surface will be protected from decay. Sealants hold up well under the force of normal chewing and usually last several years. During your regular dental visits, your dentist will check the condition of the sealants and reapply them if necessary.
Topical fluoride application:
Fluoride decreases caries rate by decreasing acid production in plaque and by increasing remineralization of tooth surface. The number of topical fluoride applications per year depends on caries risk of a particular child, but a minimum of two applications is considered optimum in most cases
Space maintainer:
An appliance used to maintain the space of a prematurely lost primary tooth until the eruption of the permanent successor. This will prevent later space problems and reduces the possibility of need for orthodontic treatment. Crown:
Stainless steel crown is used to restore a largely decayed primary molar, or a pulpally treated molar.

Periodontal Treatment
Periodontal diseases are infectious diseases affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth (periodontium). They are one of the widely distributed diseases among the population.
• Healthy gingiva appears pinkish in color, of smooth contours around teeth, without swelling or bleeding.
• Diseased periodontium appear reddish-bluish in color, swollen and bleeds easily during brushing. In addition, there may be presence of pockets, gum recession, bone loss, and/or mobility of teeth.
• Main causes of periodontal diseases include presence of plaque around teeth necks, accumulation of calculi, smoking and systemic diseases as diabetes. Some periodontal diseases are hereditary and associated with abnormal host defense mechanisms.
• In the periodontal clinic in the Arab Dental Center, treatment of periodontal diseases vary from controlling plaque accumulation to trying to restore or regenerate lost tissues by regenerative surgeries, using soft tissue grafts, bone grafts and membranes (GTR ).
• In the Arab Dental Center, laser is used to clean teeth (remove plaque and calculi), disinfect the area and help in surgeries. Laser can be used safely without side effects.
• Laser is also used to remove gingival hyper-pigmentation. This process does not require the use of local anesthetics as no pain is anticipated. It takes about half an hour.

Fixed and removable prosthodontics clinic
• Welcome to the prosthodontic clinic in the Professor Al-kholani Dental Center. We are pleased to give you a brief introduction to the services and treatments provided to our patients.
• Missing teeth is the main reason, people attend the prosthodontic clinic.
Missing teeth affects appearance and function of the oral cavity. Also severe resorbtion of bone in the extraction site (missing teeth site) will participate in wrinkles in the face around the oral cavity. Teeth replacement is mandatory for appearance, function and bone health. The Prosthodontic clinic provides a wide range of teeth replacement treatment plans, ranging from removable appliances, complete and partial dentures, acrylic and chromium cobalt to fixed prosthesis. Porcelain fused to metal or metal – free porcelain.
Implantology is a new innovation in dental practice. Nowadays even with complete loss of teeth, we can construct fixed prosthesis and restore the natural smile. Malformed teeth and deeply stained teeth also can be treated with laminate veneers for better function and appearance.The staff of the Prosthodontic clinic is highly qualified and experienced. We have solutions for the most difficult cases.
Our aim is to make prosthodontic therapy an enjoyable experience and that you restore your beautiful smile again.